Attributes provide additional information about HTML elements.
- HTML elements can have attributes
- Attributes provide additional information about an element
- Attributes are always specified in the start tag
- Attributes come in name/value pairs like: name=”value”
The lang Attribute
The document language can be declared in the tag.
The language is declared in the lang attribute.
Declaring a language is important for accessibility applications (screen readers) and search engines:
<body><h1>My First Heading</h1><p>My first paragraph.</p>
The first two letters specify the language (en). If there is a dialect, use two more letters (US).
The title Attribute
HTML paragraphs are defined with the
In this example, the
element has a title attribute. The value of the attribute is “About Learnforweb“:
Learnforweb is a web developer’s site.
It provides tutorials and useful tricks covering
many aspects of Front-end Development,
|When you move the mouse over the element, the title will be displayed as a tooltip.|
The href Attribute
HTML links are defined with the tag. The link address is specified in the href attribute:
You will learn more about links and the tag later in this tutorial.
HTML images are defined with the tag.
The filename of the source (src), and the size of the image (width and height) are all provided as attributes:
The image size is specified in pixels: width=”104″ means 104 screen pixels wide.
You will learn more about images and the tag later in this tutorial.
The alt Attribute
The alt attribute specifies an alternative text to be used, when an HTML element cannot be displayed.
The value of the attribute can be read by “screen readers”. This way, someone “listening” to the webpage, i.e. a blind person, can “hear” the element.
We Suggest: Always Use Lowercase Attributes
The HTML5 standard does not require lower case attribute names.
The title attribute can be written with upper or lower case like Title and/or TITLE.
W3C recommends lowercase in HTML4, and demands lowercase for stricter document types like XHTML.
|Lower case is the most common. Lower case is easier to type.
At Learnforweb we always use lower case attribute names.
We Suggest: Always Quote Attribute Values
The HTML5 standard does not require quotes around attribute values.
The href attribute, demonstrated above, can be written as:
W3C recommends quotes in HTML4, and demands quotes for stricter document types like XHTML.
Sometimes it is necessary to use quotes. This will not display correctly, because it contains a space:
|Using quotes are the most common. Omitting quotes can produce errors.|
Single or Double Quotes?
Double style quotes are the most common in HTML, but single style can also be used.
In some situations, when the attribute value itself contains double quotes, it is necessary to use single quotes:
Or vice versa:
- All HTML elements can have attributes
- The HTML title attribute provides additional “tool-tip” information
- The HTML href attribute provides address information for links
- The HTML width and height attributes provide size information for images
- The HTML alt attribute provides text for screen readers
- At W3Schools we always use lowercase HTML attribute names
- At W3Schools we always quote attributes with double quotes
Below is an alphabetical list of some attributes often used in HTML:
|alt||Specifies an alternative text for an image|
|disabled||Specifies that an input element should be disabled|
|href||Specifies the URL (web address) for a link|
|id||Specifies a unique id for an element|
|src||Specifies the URL (web address) for an image|
|style||Specifies an inline CSS style for an element|
|title||Specifies extra information about an element (displayed as a tool tip)|
|value||Specifies the value (text content) for an input element.|